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A very few words may suffice by way of introduction to this translation of the Cyropaedia. harvtxt error: no target: CITEREFDiogenes_Laertius3.34 (, Steven W. Hirsch, “1000 Iranian Nights: History and Fiction in Xenophon’s, Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology, "Cyrus Cylinder: How a Persian monarch inspired Jefferson", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Cyropaedia&oldid=990877378, Articles containing Ancient Greek (to 1453)-language text, Articles with unsourced statements from January 2012, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WorldCat-VIAF identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Sage, Paula Winsor. The Cyropaedia, sometimes spelled Cyropedia, is a partly fictional biography of Cyrus the Great, the founder of the Achaemenid Empire, the first Persian Empire. It has been noted by scholars that Xenophon's description of Persian education in their pre-imperial time is strikingly unusual, and appears to be based upon the traditions of Sparta, the subject of Xenophon's own work the Constitution of the Lacedemonians. Xenophon's masterpiece, The Education of Cyrus, is a work that was admired by Machiavelli for its lessons on leadership.Also known as the Cyropaedia, this philosophical novel is loosely based on the accomplishments of Cyrus the Great, founder of the vast Persian Empire that later became the archrival of the Greeks in the classical age.It offers an extraordinary portrait “Big Boys and Little Boys: Justice and Law in Xenophon’s Cyropaedia and Memorabilia.” In Gish and Ambler 2009:271-295. He does this partly by carefully building up alliances with nations such as the Armenians, their neighbours whom he referred to as Chaldeans, Hyrcanians, Cadusians, Saka, and Susians. Xenophon Translated by H. G. Dakyns Revised by F. M. Stawell. In turn it was a strong influence up… Download for offline reading, highlight, bookmark or take notes while you read Cyropaedia: Volume 1. Among early modern writers after Machiavelli, Montaigne, Montesquieu, Rousseau, Bacon, Jonathan Swift, Bolingbroke, Shaftesbury, Edward Gibbon, and Benjamin Franklin "all concurred with the classical view" of Xenophon's merits as a philosopher and historian. To the best of our knowledge, the text of this However, unlike most "mirrors of princes", whether or not the Cyropaedia was really intended to describe an ideal ruler is a subject of debate. "[3], Although it is "generally agreed" that Xenophon "did not intend Cyropaedia as history",[2] it remains unclear whether this work was intended to fit into any other classical genre known before. In this version of events, Cyrus is a faithful vassal to the Medes, someone who initially helps them as a general to defend themselves from a much more powerful and assertive Babylonian empire, which was being ruled by the tyrannical son of a more respected king. The former emphasized the rule of law, while the latter stressed the need for absolute rule by a single leader. Cyropaedia volume 2 of 2 books 5-8 book. Cyropaedia by Xenophon (c. 430-c. 354 BCE) is a historical romance on the education of the sixth century BCE Persian king Cyrus the Elder that reflects Xenophon's ideas about rulers and government. The work narrates the king's entire life, and so only the first of the eight books concerns the "education of Cyrus" (cyropaedia) strictly speaking. [6], Other related characters, of questionable historical truth, appear in the narrative as well. There then follows a list of the king's conquests, and the author seeks to understand why his subjects obeyed him "willingly". For example, Thomas Jefferson had two personal copies of the book in his library, possibly for this reason. Machiavelli's The Prince, which represented a turning point towards modern political thinking, uses the mirror genre as a model, is particularly heavily influenced by the Cyropaedia, and represents a more sophisticated reading of Xenophon, apparently more critical of the idealistic approach on the surface of Xenophon's depiction, while also reading Xenophon to be giving other more important messages about Cyrus's use of deceit, and the danger of such men to republics. [4] It became an important influence upon the late medieval and Renaissance genre known as "mirrors of princes", which attempted to give examples of behavior in order to educate young future rulers. Xenophon was elected a commander of the Ten Thousand Greek mercenaries at the age of 30. Its validity as a source of Achaemenid history has been repeatedly questioned, and numerous descriptions of events or persons have been determined to be in error. In substance, the Cyropaedia is "a political romance, describing the education of the ideal ruler, trained to rule as a benevolent despot over his admiring and willing subjects. [9] Classical authors believed that Xenophon composed it in response to the Republic of Plato, or vice versa, and Plato's Laws seems to allude to the Cyropaedia. This content downloaded from 132.174.255.116 on Thu, 3 Sep 2015 14:46:16 PM All use subject to JSTOR Terms and Conditions REVIEWS 985 The Education of Cyrus by Xenophon (430–354 BCE), who, like Plato, was a student of Socrates, is a fictionalized biography of Cyrus the Great (ca. ... Cyropaedia, Volume 2 Xenophon Full view - 1914. 26 Addeddate 2008-10-21 16:22:18 Cyrus spent much of his life undertaking military campaigns, conquering various dominions for the Achaemenid Empire which he founded. The Cyropaedia, sometimes spelled Cyropedia, is a partly fictional biography of Cyrus the Great, written around 370 BC by the Athenian gentleman-soldier, and student of Socrates, Xenophon of Athens.The Latinized title Cyropaedia derives from Greek Kúrou paideía, meaning "The Education of Cyrus".Aspects of it would become a model for medieval writers of the genre known as mirrors for princes. Xenophon: Cyropaedia (Books 1-4) Walter Miller (trans.) Cyropaedia: The Education of Cyrus Xenophon, F. M. Stawell, Henry G. Dakyns. [9] Edmund Spenser in his preface to The Faerie Queene said that "Xenophon [is] preferred before Plato, for that the one, in the exquisite depth of his judgement, formed a Commune welth, such as it should be; but the other in the person of Cyrus, and the Persians, fashioned a government, such as might best be: So much more profitable and gratious is doctrine by example, then by rule." This site uses cookies to deliver our services, improve performance, for analytics, and (if not signed in) for advertising. For their final great field battle, Croesus of Lydia was general. Everywhere, the author observes, humans fail to obey their rulers; the one exception is Cyrus, king of the Persians, "who reduced to obedience a vast number of men and cities and nations".[3]. Xenophon (ca. Use features like bookmarks, note taking and highlighting while reading Xenophon, Cyropaedia, Interlinear English Translation (Xenophon, Interlinear Classics Book 2). The Cyropaedia (or Cyropedia) is a "partly fictional biography" of Cyrus the Great, written in the early 4th century BC by the Athenian gentleman-soldier, and student of Socrates, Xenophon of Athens. Cyropaedia: Education of Cyrus I by Xenophon Translated by Walter Miller Book 7. Book 8 is a sketch of Cyrus' kingship and his views of monarchy. Royal children were educated with other elite children at the King’s Gates (Xenophon, Anabasis 1.9.3), but nothing is said of this (the paternal instruction in Cyropaedia 8.7.10, 24 is another mat- ter); one can see why some thought that Plato’s criticism of the poor education of Persian princes (Laws 694A–697B) was aimed at Cyropaedia. Cyropaedia, with an English translation by Walter Miller by Xenophon; Miller, Walter, 1864-1949. Xenophon's masterpiece The Education of Cyrus--a work admired by Machiavelli for its lessons on leadership--is at last available in a new English translation for a new century. He left Athens in 401 and joined an expedition including ten thousand Greeks led by the Persian governor Cyrus against the Persian king. 430 to ca. The work is enjoyable ... Read full review. Among military leaders, Gustavus Adolphus and James Wolfe were influenced by this work. (This is significantly different to the events as they are currently understood.). The translation by Walter Miller is quite readable, and I flew through this first volume. Books 2 through 7 cover Cyrus' life while still an important vassal of the Medes, on his career towards establishing the largest empire the world had known until that date. 354 BCE) was a wealthy Athenian and friend of Socrates. Definition of cyropaedia in the Definitions.net dictionary. This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 United States License. Cyropaedia: Volume 1 - Ebook written by Xenophon. The remaining allies of Babylon included many nations of Asia Minor, as well as a corps of Egyptian infantry. Professor Jowett, whose Plato represents the high-water mark of classical translation, has given us the following reminders: "An English translation ought to be idiomatic and interesting, not only to the scholar, but also to the unlearned reader. The translation is an admirable example of clear readable English. For example, the romance of Abradatas and Pantheia forms a part of the latter half of the narrative (v.1.3, vi.1.31ff, vi.4.2ff, vii.3.2ff). Reading, highlight, bookmark or take notes while you read Cyropaedia: cyropaedia best translation. Easy-Going and semi-colloquial manner of the ten thousand Greek mercenaries at the age of 30 Volume 1 - written... Of his life undertaking military campaigns, conquering various dominions for the Achaemenid which... Παιδεία ), meaning `` the Education of Cyrus I by Xenophon as `` 's! 'S twofold Persian Education, which consisted of his life undertaking military campaigns, conquering various dominions for the Empire! 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2021-01-20T03:18:25+00:00