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apollo 14 astronauts

On Feb. 5, 1971, Shepard and Mitchell landed only 175 feet (53 meters) from their targeted landing site in a hilly upland r… [42][54] The mission would take a faster trajectory to the Moon than planned, and thus make up the time in flight. [77], After separating from the command module in lunar orbit, the LM Antares had two serious problems. When Shepard and Mitchell were on their geology field trips, Roosa would be overhead in an airplane taking photographs of the site and making observations. [42] Roosa had chosen the CSM's call sign after the town in North Carolina where the Wright Brothers first flew. [50] Accordingly, an emergency supply of 5 US gallons (19 l; 4.2 imp gal) of water was stored in Apollo 14's CM, and an emergency battery, identical to those that powered the LM's descent stage, was placed in the SM. 26 January 1971. [77], At 81:56:40.70 into the mission (February 4 at 1:59:43 am EST; 06:59:43 UTC), the Service Propulsion System engine in the SM was fired for 370.84 seconds to send the craft into a lunar orbit with apocynthion of 169 nautical miles (313 km; 194 mi) and pericynthion of 58.1 nautical miles (107.6 km; 66.9 mi). [74] Mission Control proposed that they try it again with the docking probe retracted, hoping the contact would trigger the latches. Those individuals were given physical examinations and immunizations, and crew movements were limited as much as possible at KSC and nearby areas. [88], Once the astronauts returned to the vicinity of the LM and were again within view of the television camera, Shepard performed a stunt he had been planning for years in the event he reached the Moon, and which is probably what Apollo 14 is best remembered for. A second burn, at 86:10:52 mission time, sent the spacecraft into an orbit of 58.8 nautical miles (108.9 km; 67.7 mi) by 9.1 nautical miles (16.9 km; 10.5 mi). To the dismay of some geologists, Shepard and Mitchell did not reach the rim of Cone crater as had been planned, though they came close. [76], The crew settled in for its voyage to Fra Mauro. We figured there was a heavy mantle on our shoulders to make sure we got it right. [110][111] Fully loaded, the MET weighed about 165 pounds (75 kg). Apollo 9 commander James McDivitt believed meetings that required a member of the flight crew were being missed, so for Apollo a third crew of astronauts was added, known as the support crew. The fuel cell oxygen supply valves were redesigned to isolate the Teflon-coated wiring from the oxygen. [121] The flight name is replaced by "BEEP BEEP" and the backup crew's names are given. [53] At 6,505,548 pounds (2,950,867 kg), it was the heaviest vehicle yet flown by NASA, 3,814 pounds (1,730 kg) heavier than the launch vehicle for Apollo 13. Das Ende des Apollo-Programms war absehbar und es galt als wahrscheinlich, dass man danach vorerst nicht mehr mit einem bemannten Raumschiff zum Mond fliegen würde. The immediate solution – tapping on the panel next to the switch – did work briefly, but the circuit soon closed again. [125], Apollo 14 astronaut Ed Mitchell sets foot on the Moon, Shepard and Mitchell erect a U.S. flag on the lunar surface, Apollo 14 landing site, photograph by Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter, Astronauts and key Mission Control personnel, CS1 maint: bot: original URL status unknown (, List of spacewalks and moonwalks 1965–1999, "Apollo 14 Command and Service Module (CSM)", "Apollo 14 Moon shot: Alan Shepard 'told he was too old, "Apollo's schedule shifted by NASA; next flight in April", "50 Years Ago: Apollo 14 and 15 Preparations", "Apollo 14 demonstrated spaceflight challenges are solvable", "Moon‐rock project lost; equipment will burn up", "That time Apollo Astronauts detonated explosives on the Moon", "Apollo 14 mission: Science experiments—Laser Ranging Retroreflector", "Water Gun, Helmet Feedport, In-Suit Drink Bag, and Food Stick", "Celebrating 50 years of moon exploration", "How an MIT computer scientist saved Apollo 14", "Apollo 14 mission: Surface operations overview", "Apollo 14 Mission Lunar Sample Overview", "A lunar rock sample found by Apollo 14 astronauts likely came from Earth", "Apollo astronauts land within a mile of target after a 'terrific flight, "Crew of Apollo 14 to begin quarantine at Texas lab today", Smithsonian National Air and Space Museum, "Impact Sites of Apollo LM Ascent and SIVB Stages", "NASA Spacecraft Images Offer Sharper Views of Apollo Landing Sites", "Apollo 14 Technical Air-to-Ground Voice Transcription", Apollo 12 photographic sequence of Apollo 14 landing site, Commercial Orbital Transportation Services, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Apollo_14&oldid=1000757288, Short description is different from Wikidata, CS1 maint: bot: original URL status unknown, Wikipedia articles with WorldCat-LCCN identifiers, All Wikipedia articles written in American English, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Missions are ordered by launch date. Apollo 12 had launched during poor weather, but had twice been struck by lightning, as a result of which the rules had been tightened. Two additional lunar surface experiments not part of the ALSEP were also flown, the Laser Ranging Retro-Reflector (LRRR or LR3), to be deployed in the ALSEP's vicinity, and the Lunar Portable Magnetometer (LPM), to be used by the astronauts during their second EVA. [52], The Saturn V used for Apollo 14 was designated SA-509, and was similar to those used on Apollo 8 through 13. [118], The mission insignia is an oval depicting the Earth and the Moon, and an astronaut pin drawn with a comet trail. This worked, and within an hour the joined spacecraft had separated from the S-IVB. Apollo 8 was the second manned mission in the Apollo program. It was hoped that the waves generated from the impacts would provide data about seismic wave transmission in the Moon's regolith. The Apollo Lunar Surface Experiments Package consisted of a set of scientific instruments emplaced at the landing site by the astronauts. 71-H-192 ( 83k) Apollo 14 Backup Command Module Pilot Ron Evans waves from the cockpit of a T-38. He is the only astronaut from Project Mercury (the original Mercury Seven astronauts) to reach the Moon. Smoke Jumper, Moon Pilot: The Remarkable Life of Apollo 14 Astronaut Stuart Roosa Willie G. Moseley. [123], The S-IVB booster impacted the Moon on February 4 at 8°10′52″S 26°01′50″W / 8.181°S 26.0305°W / -8.181; -26.0305 (Apollo 14 S-IVB). Apollo 14 hatte einen betont wissenschaftlichen Charakter und sollte wertvolle Erkenntnisse über den Mond liefern. This was done in preparation for the release of the LM Antares. [70], The MET, when deployed for use on the lunar surface, was about 86 inches (220 cm) long, 39 inches (99 cm) wide and 32 inches (81 cm) high. Zur Hygiene dienten feuchte Tücher. 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2021-01-20T03:18:25+00:00